What is Options Trading?
What is Options Trading?

What is Options Trading?

Options Trading allows savvy traders to harness the power of stock value fluctuations and boost returns. But investors beware: trading options are not for everyone, and the risks can outperform the rewards. Read on to find out more.

Dr. Clemen Chiang
Dr. Clemen Chiang

Options traders have a few elements to consider, for example, entry and exit points, market unpredictability, and how to execute their trading strategy. This requires determination, experience, and a key comprehension of why you need to trade options in the first place.

Options may not be suitable for all investors. However, there are many benefits of options trading if you want to manage investment risk and increase returns. This is what else you need to know about options and whether they're the right investment strategy for you.

What is Options Trading?

Options Trading allows you to buy or sell stocks, ETFs, and so forth at a particular price within a particular date. This type of trading also allows buyers not to buy the security at a specified price or date.

Although it is a bit more complicated than stock trading, options can help you with creating moderately large profits if the price of the security goes up. This is because you don't need to pay full price for the security in the options contract. Similarly, options trading can limit your losses if the price of a security goes down, which is known as hedging.

The option to purchase a security is known as 'Call', while the option to sell is called 'Put'.

What are "Call" and "Put" Options?

There are two types of options: "Call" and "Put".
Call Options: The call option gives you the right to buy shares of a security at a specific price, also known as the strike price, on or before a specific date, known as the expiration date. Call option buyers believe that the stock price will go up later on, while call option sellers believe that the stock price will decrease.

When you buy a call option contract, you are commonly buying shares of a specific stock for a premium. If the stock price rises above the strike price, the buyer receives a profit. Your net profit is the sum you earn after the cost of premiums. But if the stock doesn't move past the option strike price, the call option buyer loses the money paid for the premium.

Put Options: A put option gives the holder of the option the right to sell stock shares at a given price on or before a specified date. You buy a put option if you believe the price of an asset will decrease and sell the put if you believe it will increase. If the price of a stock goes down, the put can turn profitable for itself. Therefore, if you believe that a stock will fall, later on, you can exercise your put option when the stock price falls.

How Does Options Trading Work?

When an investor or trader buys or sells an option, they have the right to apply that option anytime before the termination date. Simply buying or selling options will not lead to profits at the expiration point. Because of this structure, options are considered 'derivative securities'. In other words, the value option is derived from different things like the value of assets, securities, and other underlying instruments).

Benefits of Options Trading

  • Buying options require less initial expense than acquiring a stock. The price of acquiring an option (premium and trading fee) is significantly less expensive than what a trader would need to spend to buy the shares outright.
  • Options trading allows investors to freeze the price of their stock at a predetermined amount for a specific period. Depending on the class of the option exercised, the fixed stock price (also known as the strike price) guarantees that the option will be able to trade at that rate anytime before the contract lapses.
  • Options trading improves a trader's investment portfolio through additional income, leverage, and even protection. A common way to use options to limit downside losses is as support against a declining stock market. Besides, options can be exercised to create a common kind of revenue.
  • Options trading is inherently adaptable. Before their options contract expires, traders can employ different key moves. These include using options to buy shares to add to your investment portfolio. Investors can try to buy shares and then sell some or all of them at a profit. They can sell the contract to another investor at a higher rate before it matures and expires.


Options trading is a more complex topic, so it's very important to spend some time learning about the different option trading strategies and the risks involved before getting started.

Options trading can be intimidating to some investors. However, by understanding the pros and cons associated with trading options, you'll have the option to decide whether options are right for you. Sign up for the upcoming Spiking Free Live Webinar to learn all about Spiking AI and the Spiking Software that will make Options Trading a breeze. Attend this Spiking Free Live Webinar and learn more about the upcoming Options Trading Masterclass that is guaranteed to teach you the basics of successful Options Trading strategies!

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*Disclaimer:  The article should not be taken as, and is not intended to provide investment advice. Claims made in this article do not constitute investment advice and should not be taken as such. Spiking strongly recommends that you perform your own independent research before making financial decisions.